Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на перевод на русский язык определений, выраженных именем существительным.

1. This power-station equipment is quite new.

2. Britain is famous for motorcar racing, dog-racing, boat-racing, and even donkey-racing.

3. He passed his graduation exams with excellent marks.

Перепишите и переведите предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения прилагательных.

1. London is the largest city in Europe.

2. The more you travel, the better you know your country.

3. In Great Britain winter is warmer and summer is cooler than in Europe.

Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на перевод неопределенных и отрицательных местоимений.

1. Some 58 million people live in the UK.

2. Have you any relatives abroad?

3. Any student in our group can speak good English.

Перепишите и переведите предложения. Определите в них видовременные формы глагола и укажите их инфинитив.

1. Every monument and every building in London has a history of its own.

2. The Tower of London was one of the first castles built after the Norman invasion.

3. Our train will arrive at 5 o’clock.

Прочитайте и переведите текст.

London

London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and commercial center.

It’s one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe. Its population is about 9 million.

London is one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world.

Traditionally it’s divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. They are very different from each other and seem to belong to different towns and epochs.

The heart of London is the City, its financial and business center. Numerous banks, offices and firms are situated there, including the Bank of England, the Stock Exchange and the Old Baily. Few people live here, but over a million people come to the City to work. There are some famous ancient buildings within the City. Perhaps the most striking of them in St. Paul’s Cathedral, the greatest of British churches. St. Paul’s Cathedral has always dominated the center of London. It stands on the site of former Saxon and Norman churches. They latter were destroyed in the Great Fire and the present building, completed in 1710, is the work of the eminent architect Sir Christopher Wren. It is an architectural masterpiece.

The Tower of London was one of the first and most impressive castles built after the Norman invasion of England in 1066. Since the times of William 1 various kings have built and extended the Tower of London and used it for many purposes. The Tower has been used as a royal palace, an observatory, an arsenal, a state prison, and many famous and infamous people have been executed within its walls. It is now a museum.



Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, or the Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Parliament. The Parliament of the UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords consists of just over 1,000 members of the different grades of nobility dukes, marquesses, earls, viscounts and barons. In the House of Commons there are 650 members. They are elected by secret ballot by men and women aged 18 and over.

Every Parliament is divided into Sessions. Each of these may last a year and usually begins early in November. The Clock Tower, which contains the hour-bell called Big Ben, is known the world over. The bell is named after Sir Benjamin Hall.

Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen.

The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. It is the symbol of wealth and luxury. The best hotels, shops, restaurants, clubs, and theatres are situated there. There are splendid houses and lovely gardens belonging to wealthy people.

Trafalgar Square is the geographical center of London. It was named in memory of Admiral Nelson’s victory in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The tall Nelson’s Column stands in the middle of the square.

The East End is the poorest district of London. There are a lot of factories, work- shops and docks here. The streets are narrow, the buildings are unimpressive. The East. End is densely populated by working class families.

Вариант III

1. Перепишите и переведите на русский язык следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова с окончанием – s и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т.е. служит ли оно:

а) показателем 3 – го лица единственного числа имени существительного;

б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного My brother’s sons are students. – Сыновья моего брата – студенты.

Brother’s – притяжательный падеж имени существительного;

sons, students – множественное число существительного.

1. He always watches TV on Sundays.

2. The UK is known as one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of machinery.

3. His lectures are very interesting.


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